Math the OT way:
Use lots of visuals!!!
Use manipulatives ex: pegs, cubes, number line. For younger children, I suggest you using loose cubes rather than the cubes that click together to connect. I have seen many struggle with the fine motor component of clicking cubes together and separating them due to lack of strength and coordination. This slows down the learning process. They become focused on the motor portion of this task and lose the attention to the math problem they are trying to solve. The loose cubes allow for more flow so that the attention is on the math equation rather than the motor skill.
Use real life examples to solve problems that children can relate to first while they learn the concept, then graduate to other “abstract” examples. For instance you can begin with problems such as, you have 3 toy cars and mom buys you 3 more cars for your bday. How many cars do you have in all? Then you can provide more abstract examples such as There are 4 birds in the tree and 2 more birds come to sit in the tree, how many birds in all?
I love using white boards to complete calculations before putting it on paper. Children tend to have less hesitation to make mistakes on a white board that they can erase. Also, for children that have difficulty with writing skills, the whiteboard has less friction and allows them to flow more easily with their writing thus the attention is on solving the math equation and not focusing on the formation of numbers or holding the pencil to paper.
Teach measurements with actual items ex: paper clip vs width of a desk. Teach volume with measuring cups and liquids, solids etc. Teach money concept with actual coins and bills. The more children can experience real life examples, the more sensory the experience and therefore the greater potential for learning.
Don’t get stuck on teaching with worksheets. There are many wonderful games that can be used to teach math concepts. I like to use Pop the Pig for number recognition, counting and also writing down the numbers. I also have children pick 2 burgers and add up the numbers. Motivation facilitates learning. After playing a game like this, I like to give them one or 2 worksheet problems and relate the concept t the game we just played so that they themselves can see the direct relationship between the worksheet math and game math. ex: After pop the pig game where they pick up numbered burgers and feed the pig, I make them do a math equation and use the burgers example to help them solve.
1- Veggie Art
This is a wonderful activity for all skill levels. I have done this with very young children as well as with my older groups and they all love it.
You Will Need:
- Raw vegetables such as carrots, celery, potatoes and peppers, corn.
- Colorful paints
- Drawing Paper
For the younger children, I precut the vegetables however with the older groups, I like to have them cut the vegetables so they practice daily life skills. Dry them off with paper towels. Let children dip the vegetables in paint and stamp them unto paper. Simple, yet beautiful.
This is a great way to introduce foods to picky eaters because the first step is for them to look at the vegetable as a non-threatening item and to then interact/ play with it!
2- Salt Painting
Salt Painting is a great activity for children that challenges many fine motor skills. Some children wanted to create there own design with glue while others followed a pattern already drawn.
You Will Need:
- White Glue
- Thick drawing paper
- Paints or food coloring diluted in water.
Have children use a pencil to draw on drawing paper. You can also provide them with a drawing if it’s too difficult for them to draw.
Children then have to squeeze the glue following the drawing/pattern. This takes strength, motor planning and finger control.
They then shake salt on the wet glue and paint using watered down paint/food coloring with a paintbrush. The challenge here is the graded hand control. The just right amount of pressure needs to be used during this type of painting otherwise it can ruin it.
These look great however they are a mess to keep. Once thy dry, the salt cracks off. We took pictures of our final products and framed them instead.
I remember as a little girl living in France, we celebrated 3 Kings Day with a very special tradition. Although I didn’t grow up Catholic, it was a tradition that my parents did with us every year because to me and my siblings it was so magical.
We call it La Galette des Rois—The Kings Cake. In France, they made this delicious round puff pastry in which they hid a tiny porcelain figurine. We all sat around the table for a slice and whoever landed on the figurine became the king. They got to wear a paper crown and were granted one wish!
This has become an activity that I like to do as a cooking group with my little ones.Cooking activities address so many skills on a sensory level as well as sequencing, following directions and life skills such as measuring, pouring, mixing etc.. Instead of the fancy puff pastry, we make a giant chocolate chip cookie and I hide a little porcelain figurine. I was also inspired by 3 Kings Day to do create “OT” activities.
La Galette des Rois:
Mix all ingredients for your favorite chocolate chip recipe or use the one below but hide a PORCELAINE figurine before baking. However finds the figurine wins a crown and is granted one wish!
- 1 c butter, softened
- 3/4 c white sugar
- 3/4 c brown sugar
- 1 tsp vanilla
- 2 eggs
- 2 & 1/4 cups flour
- 1 tsp salt
- 1 tsp baking soda
- 2 cups chocolate chips
In large bowl, beat butter, sugars and vanilla until soft and fluffy. Add eggs, one at a time, beating well after each addition. Gradually add flour, salt, baking soda, and beat until well blended. Stir in Chocolate Chips. Spread it out on greased pizza pan. (leave a good inch or so around the edge of the pan as it will spread when it’s baking) Bake 375 for 20-25 mins.
Find the King in a Rice Bin:
Here is a wonderful sensory way for children to play. You can use rice, sand, or dry beans and hide all sorts of items in it including a little king. Whoever finds the king becomes king for the day and is granted one wish.
Find the king in the Putty:
This is also a great sensory activity but with the added component of finger strengthening. Children use tactile discrimination to find the little king hidden in the putty using their fingers.
When working on handwriting, instead of working from worksheets, I like children to use their creative side and imagination. For my 3 Kings inspiration I started off a sentence and asked children to finish the idea by writing their own words. “If I was King for a day, I would……………..”
Zig zag cutting takes a lot of bilateral coordination and therefore it’s great cutting practice for young children. What better way to do that than have children cut a piece of construction paper in a zig zag to create a crown!
Start by drawing a zig zag in thick marker across the length of a construction paper.
Ask children to cut on the lines
Stick both ends of the cutouts together to create one long piece.
Have children decorate by coloring, stickers, glitter, jewels etc…
size it to the child’s head and staple together or tape.
The King’s Scepter
This is a fun group activity. Create a kings scepter my decorating a dowel with ribbons and jewels. Each child gets a turn to “draw” a letter in the air and the rest of the group needs to guess the letter! This is a great way for children to practice correct letter formation.
The parents I work with always ask me for a list of suggested toys for Hanukah or Christmas so this year I put together a little list for different age groups:
3 to 5 Years Old:
1- Dino Popper is a great way to strengthen little hands. I like the Dino more than the other animals because it fits better in small children’s’ hands.
2- Snap and Learn Lady Bugs: This toy works on so many wonderful skills. Not only can you build number concepts and color concepts but the resistance allows to strengthen little hands and also works on constructional skills like a puzzle.
3- Alex Toys ABC Beading: This is a versatile toy that not only helps children work on bilateral coordination skills through beading but it can be used to create words and learn letters.
4-Mr Potato Head: The classic Mr Potato Head is a great toy for little ones. They work on body part identification as well as strengthen little hands.
5- Smart Snack Cupcakes: Kids love this toy! They match the top and bottom of the cupcakes depending on the shape. I like to have older children try to put these together by placing the cupcake behind their backs so as to occlude vision.
5 to 7 Years Old:
1- Magneatos: Get ready for your child to be busy for hours! These balls and sticks are large magnets that can be used to create really cool structures.
2- Magnetiles: This is also a great toy! These magnetic shapes are flat and are used to create wonderful structures.
3- Design and Drill: This is another fabulous toy! Children can copy designs by screwing colored screws with an electric drill! Kids really love this! They can also create their own design. This is great for hand strength and to shape the arches of the hand.
4- Suigz: Love this toy for strengthening little fingers. By squeezing the squigz, children build structures that attach to one another with suction. Don’t forget to have children break apart the structures; another opportunity to strengthen hands/fingers.
5- Edu-shape Magic Symmetry: Here is a fun way for children to create mirror images. This is a wonderful visual perceptual activity that requires problem solving and visual motor skills.
7 Years and Up:
1- Spot it: Excellent visual perceptual game. Children race to find 2 matching shapes, letters or numbers on the card.
2- PathWords Jr: LOOOOOOVVVVVEEE this game. Such a smart toy! Children have to find the required words using different length/colored sticks. They must therefore use visual perceptual skills along with spelling skills. This is one of my favorite games for older children.
3- Chocolate Fix: Here is another very cool game that works on visual perceptual skills as well as motor planning and problem solving. By process of elimination they try to figure out where the different chocolates go on the tray.
4-Poppin’ Puzzlers: I grew up on this game and loved the thrill of finding the shapes before the tray popped! Now ypou can play against an opponent!
5-Curious George Discovery Beach Day: Kids really really like this game. I like that it works on visual perceptual skills and visual memory. Children try to remember where they found the item from the card they picked.
You can purchase any of these items on Miss Mancy’s AMAZON store. CLICK HERE for link
I love when November rolls around and all the men are sporting facial hair! It’s such a fun and visible way to support Prostate Cancer Awareness! Here are some fun ways to incorporate Movember in your activities!
1.Sticker mustache: This is a great way to teach children about facial features.
I found these furry sticker mustaches but they looked too painful to stick on the children’s lips. Instead we cut out a head, children picked a mustache and stuck it on. They then colored in facial features!
2. Matching mustache game: Use fun mustache cups to play a math game. Match the number to the matching number of mustaches. This works on counting concepts as well as visual memory.
3. Stack and throw: Use the same cups to have children create a pyramid (a wonderful visual-motor task) and use bean bags to see how many you can hit. I like to have children “earn” a bean bang by answering questions (ex: Name 5 animals that live in the ocean?) or by having to do a physical task (ex: Do 10 jumping jacks)
4. Draw the other half of the mustache.
Drawing mirror images is a great way to work on visual perceptual skills such as orientation as well as visual motor skills.
5. Ice Mustache Painting: Mix water and Kool Aide (put more Kool Aide than suggested amount) to make colorful ice cube. These can then be used to paint! Wonderful sensory activity for children of all ages.
6. Pin the mustache on the boy: I haven’t tried this yet but you can play a version of Pin the Tail on the Donkey by pinning the mustache on the Silly Face. Great body awareness game.
7. Mustache Writing Activity: Have a worksheet with very different looking mustaches and ask children to write who would have this mustache
8. Tic Tac Toe: I used a grid and plastic discs to create a Tic Tac Toe game. This is always a very good motor planning, problem-solving visual motor game!
9. Mustache Stamps: Use mustache stamps to create a face or to work on number concepts by stamping the correct number of mustaches that match a given number. Sooo many other ways to use stamps! Get creative!
10. Grow a Mustache: Get in on the action with all the fun mustache accessories you can find in craft stores. Kids love to dress up! I like taking pictures of the kids with funny mustaches and printing it out for them! They love it! This is my cutie pie nephew getting in on the action!
1- Create a fall scene using stickers This is a great activity for little ones. Peeling stickers has the advantage of working on pincer strength (an important component of dexterity) while allowing children to express their creativity.
2- Create a pattern on a small rectangular card. Draw a line to separate the card and ask children to copy the pattern that you see. They can then cut them in half to create fall tags. This is a wonderful visual-perceptual skill to learn.
3-Draw outline in paper and children have to find the matching sticker to the outline. This is a great visual perceptual game.
4-Peel 6 different stickers and place on a large die. Roll the die and the first to find that sticker wins a point.
For older children Create patterned cards. Children pick a card and have to pick out the stickers that create the pattern.
5-Create a sequence pattern and ask children to continue the sequence. This is a great visual perceptual and problem solving task.
6- Learning to trace is an important precursor to handwriting. Children learn to control their pencil. Using raised foam stickers is a great way to teach that skill to little ones because the sticker is raised and stays put! You can make this activity more challenging by not sticking down the sticker to the paper. Children have to coordinate both hands while tracing so that the sticker doesn’t move.
7-Use a foam cube (dollar store) and stick foam stickers on it. Dip in paint to create a stamp. Note: if the foam sticker is too thin, put a second sticker on top of it. Stamps are a great way to strengthen little hands.
8-Work on handwriting by stick foam animal stickers on paper and draw a talking bubble where children can practice to write. If you laminate the bubble, you can re-use with dry erase markers.
What to do with all this extra candy?
1- Science experiment:
Teach children about acid content. Place a candy in a bowl with a little bit of water. Add a teaspoon of baking soda. If the solution bubbles, then this candy is acidic. Try with a variety of candies such as Lemonheads, Nerds, skittles, m&ms etc…
2-Candy Graphing Math:
Create graphs of the various candies. (Sample taken from www.justreed-ashley.blogspot.com)
3- Licorice stamps:
Use the thin licorice strings (untwist) create a pattern on jar lids and use as a stamp. Children can create letters and numbers as well.
4- Blessing Boxes:
Create Sweet Blessings boxes filled with candy and donate to a local charity.
5- Candy Jar:
Kids are asked to bring extra candy to school. These can be placed in a jar that the teacher can use for rewards to the class. (Sample taken from www.decoart.com)
6- Paint with skittles and m&m:
Separate the candy by color. Dissolve the candy in a little bit of water and use like watercolors! (Sample taken from www.artprojectsforkids.org)
7-Twizzlers and string licorice to make letters:
Create cards with uppercase and lowercase letters. Laminate them and have children create these letters using licorice.
Teach children important sequencing skills by creating candy patterns that they have to follow. This is a great classroom activity for little ones. (Sample taken from classroomfreebies.com)
9- Candy Sorting:
Use tweezers to pick up and sort candy by color. This works on pincer strength.
10- Donate the candy to our troops:
Donate extra candy to our troops at www.treats4ourtroops.org
This is a great alternative to carving a pumpkin. Lay a pumpkin on its side, paint it green. Add streamers for hair, wiggle eyes, a felt mouth and accessorize with a witch hat!!! Kids LOOOOVED the Spooky result!
These were so easy to make and the resulting sound is really loud!!!
The kids loved playing around with the sound variations. We each got a chance to pull on our string while other children guessed what it sounded like. We made sounds of witches, ghosts, squeaky doors and even chickens!!!!!
You will need:
- Plastic cup
- Black Adhesive felt (You can do this with construction paper and glue instead)
- Skewer or nail to poke a hole
- Cotton string or yarn (will not work with nylon string)
- Paper clip
- Wet piece of cloth/material
Cut out 2 small triangles and a mouth with black felt. Flip the cup upside down, peel and stick facial features to the cup.
Use the skewer to poke a hole at the top of the cup.
Attach the string to a paper clip by making 2 knots.
Slip the other end of the string in the hole, from the top of the cup.
Wet a little piece of cloth (we used a cut up wash cloth)
Hold the cup up from the top and glide the cup on the string for some really silly sounds!!!